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基于中医情志疗法探讨新冠肺炎疫期的心理调适方法
作者:
作者单位:

北京中医药大学 中医学院, 北京 102488

作者简介:

付小宇,在读硕士,从事中医药防治慢性肾脏疾病分子机制研究,E-mail:15512422496@163.com

通讯作者:

赵宗江,博士,教授,博士后合作导师,从事中医药防治慢性肾脏疾病分子机制研究,Tel:010-64286573,E-mail:zongjiangz@sina.com

中图分类号:

基金项目:

国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC1704300-2018YFC1704304)


Psychological Adjustment During Outbreak of COVID-19 Based on Traditional Chinese Medicine Emotion Therapy
Author:
Affiliation:

School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 102488, China

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    摘要:

    新型冠状病毒肺炎(新冠肺炎)爆发,不仅危害公众的生命健康,同时给公众心理健康也来了众多威胁,在紧张的氛围笼罩下,公众常会产生心理应激性不良情绪反应,甚至做出极端行为,严重影响心理及生理健康。中医情志疗法基于中医神志理论,坚持“身心合一”的整体观,运用安全有效的情绪调理方法来调畅情志,消除不良情绪,维护心理健康,增强机体免疫力,达到治疗或预防身心疾病的效果,在许多医学领域,如创伤后应激障碍、广泛性焦虑障碍、癌症及临终关怀等方面具有差异性应用,收到较好的临床效果。通过分析中医情志疗法的理论渊源、研究现状与应用范围等,并结合目前新冠肺炎疫期的公众心理状态,提出将中医情志疗法如宁神静志法、移情易性法、暗示诱导法、顺情从欲法、音乐悦心法、中药怡神法、耳贴畅志法等,综合运用到疫情期间公众的心理调适中,旨在通过提供合理有效的情志调节指导,帮助大众正确理解疫情期间出现的各种不良情绪,增强应对及调节心理问题的能力,维持良好心态,平稳度过疫情期,同时为了更好发挥中医情志疗法的优势,倡导将中医情志疗法广泛应用于类似的公共卫生事件及公众日常生活的心理调护,做到未病先防,已病防变,有效保障民众身心健康。

    Abstract:

    The outbreak of corona virus disease-2019 (COVID-19) not only endangers the public life and health, but also poses threats to the public mental health. Under the atmosphere of tension and fear, the public often produces adverse emotional reactions to psychological stress, and even has extreme behaviors, which seriously affects physical and mental health. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) emotional therapy is based on the TCM consciousness theory in adherence to the holistic view of "integration of mind and body". It adopts safe and effective emotional conditioning methods to regulate mood, eliminate bad emotions, maintain mental health, and enhance the body's immunity to achieve the effect of treating or preventing physical and mental diseases. It has differentiated applications in many medical fields, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, cancer and hospice, with good clinical efficacy. By analyzing the theoretical origin, research status, application range of TCM sentiment therapy, as well as the current public psychological state of the COVID-19 epidemic, we innovatively proposed TCM sentiment therapies, such as calm emotion method, diversion of attention method, suggestive induction method, obedient mind method, music delight method, TCM refreshing method and auricular pressing method, and comprehensively applied them in the public psychological adjustment during the outbreak, with the aim to provide rational and effective psychological guidance, help the public to correctly understand various bad emotions during the outbreak, enhance their abilities to cope with it and adjust psychological problems, maintain a good mentality, and pass the epidemic period smoothly. At the same time, in order to make better use of the advantages of TCM sentiment therapy and benefit the public, it is advocated to widely apply TCM sentiment therapy in similar public health events and public psychological care in the daily life, for the purpose of preventing before disease outset and preventing progress of disease, and effectively protecting the physical and mental health of the people.

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付小宇,张新雪,赵宗江.基于中医情志疗法探讨新冠肺炎疫期的心理调适方法[J].中国实验方剂学杂志,2020,26():39~44

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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-06-04
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