Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae
Yiqiyangyin Huoxuetongluo Prescription Reduces Renal Cell Apoptosis in Rats with Diabetic Nephropathy by Inhibiting JAK2/STAT3 Signaling Pathway
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1.Hebei Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine,Shijiazhuang 050011,China;2.Hebei University of Chinese Medicine,Shijiazhuang 050200,China

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    Abstract:

    Objective To observe the effect of Yiqiyangyin Huoxuetongluo prescription on janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) signaling pathway and cell apoptosis in rats with diabetic nephropathy (DN), and to explore the mechanism of its intervention in DN.Method A total of 100 SD rats were randomly divided into an experimental group (n=80) and a normal group (n=20). The DN model was induced by high-sugar and high-fat diet combined with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) in the experimental group, and confirmed by the pathological changes of kidney tissues in rats (three in each group) observed under light and electron microscopes. The model rats were randomly divided into a model group (normal saline, equal volume), low-, medium-, and high-dose (5.775, 11.550, and 23.100 g·kg-1) Yiqiyangyin Huoxuetongluo prescription groups, and an irbesartan group (irbesartan tablets, 0.016 g·kg-1). After drug intervention (i.g., once a day for 16 consecutive weeks), the 24-hour urine total protein (UTP), serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), creatinine (SCr), and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels of the rats were measured. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. Immunohistochemistry was used to determine the protein expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), and actinin-4 in rat kidney tissues.Result Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited elevated UTP, serum TC, TG, BUN, and SCr levels (P<0.05), severe pathological damage of rat kidney tissues, up-regulated expression of phospho-JAK2 (p-JAK2), phospho-STAT3 (p-STAT3), and Bax, increased renal cell apoptosis, and diminished expression of Bcl-2, ZO-1, and actinin-4 (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the Yiqiyangyin Huoxuetongluo prescription group and the irbesartan group showed dwindled UTP, serum TC, TG, BUN, and SCr levels (P<0.05), relieved pathological damage of rat kidney tissues, down-regulated p-JAK2, p-STAT3, and Bax expression, and up-regulated expression of Bcl-2, ZO-1, and actinin-4 (P<0.05).Conclusion Yiqiyangyin Huoxuetongluo prescription can reduce renal cell apoptosis and improve the prognosis of DN by inhibiting the activation of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.

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History
  • Received:January 16,2021
  • Revised:
  • Adopted:
  • Online: May 06,2021
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